Millions of workers are potentially exposed to chemical hazards each year. The nearly 600,000 existing chemical products pose serious problems for exposed workers and their employers.
Chemical exposure may cause or contribute to many serious health effects such as heart ailments, kidney and lung damage, sterility, cancer, burns, and rashes. Some chemicals may also be safety hazards and have the potential to cause fires, explosions, and other serious accidents.
Providing protection from chemical hazards is a challenging task because of the range of hazards and operations in which they are used. Potential hazards arising from chemical exposure may occur during:
* Production operations involving hazardous chemicals.
* Hazardous substance site survey.
* Spill mitigation.
* Emergency monitoring.
Protecting workers from chemical hazards primarily occurs through engineering and administrative controls, before personal protective equipment (PPE) is considered. This outline, however, focuses on the training you need to provide workers who must wear PPE to protect themselves from hazardous chemicals on the job.